Ever since the beginning of time, change has always been constant. As we continue to evolve, we move swiftly to adapt to modern times. After all, we have different ways of coping and getting through certain events and challenges. Our pace in learning and adapting is important for us to be capable of truly going with the change in all aspects.
Through various eras throughout time, beginning from the Paleolithic to the Bronze age and until the modern-day, knowledge and evolution has been passed on from past generations. Before language even existed, humans had a way of communicating with each other to pass on what they have experienced. During the Stone Age, cavemen made use of cave drawings to pass on the knowledge they have gathered to survive which evolved through time.
Humans also have a natural affinity towards colors and images in processing information. We recognize objects that are familiar to us in 100 milliseconds and familiar faces in 380 milliseconds. This enabled cultures and certain civilizations to survive and thrive. This was possible through scribbles, word of mouth, writings, etc.
Evolution has paved the way for language to exist which later on became laws, culture, writings, and traditions. As humans, we develop the four macro skills growing up – speaking, reading, writing, and listening.
In ancient times, humans learned that they could make sounds using their mouths which they used to convey emotion depending on the tone since language was yet to be discovered back then. Our ancestors were known to imitate the sound of animals and their surroundings. That way, they were able to keep themselves safe.
Most of the stories through history were spread through “word of mouth” that even today, it is ingrained in our culture that we have accepted them as facts. Now, language is a big part that defines us as a society. It is an identity of a certain culture or race. There are roughly 6,500 languages to date. Who knew that for millions of years we would develop as a species to create a standard for communication?
What is the use of speech and sounds without someone to hear it? Listening is the other end that makes verbal communication possible. We hear sounds all around us but as we begin to perceive and understand to make sense of those sounds, that is where listening comes in.
We receive sounds through our ears and our brains will begin to discern individual sounds and convert them into messages that we can identify. This requires focus and attention. It is a skill that some people develop further that they make use of in their fields of work.
Writing is a powerful method of visual communication as it is the primary means of human interaction with information. We store information in a form of text and we process and analyze it. Throughout history, evidence of literacy and writing was found in 3200 BC in Mesopotamia – common day Iraq. Researchers were also able to retrieve proof that writing came from the need to count and account for objects, people, and more.
Now, writing has become an integral part of communication, preservation of data, dissemination of information, etc. In addition to that, writing has also become a good source for learning. Even in the digital age, more books are still being published. Although ebooks and pdfs have emerged, still the importance of printed books cannot be overlooked as it is an integral part of the educational system.
As we have created written symbols throughout history, we have attached meaning to these symbols that we identify today. We make use of the fourth macro skill which is reading. We use our eyes to perceive these symbols – letters, punctuation marks, etc. and convert them into words, sentences, and paragraphs. This skill requires focus and understanding, making it a perceptive and productive skill to have.
History has been passed on through written texts that we have read in our lifetime. This had also been incorporated in the education system for learners to absorb knowledge and information.
A. Auditory Learners
Our ancestors have been amazing hunters. They went out during the night or day to hunt for food in order to survive. To be good hunters, their sense of hearing was very keen and sensitive. Through their sense of hearing, they learned how to hunt better. As time evolved, auditory learning was essential in passing on information from one generation to another. This was also how societies were able to survive to this day.
Auditory learners like to talk about the pros and cons of anything when trying to make a decision. They are prone to getting sidetracked easily due to the noises in the environment. However, they are good at remembering names. Generally, they like listening to others and even to themselves. Instead of written directions or instructions, they prefer being told what to do.
In our current setup, auditory learners are at an advantage. There are learning materials that are in audio format to ease the student’s learning process.
B. Visual Learners
Humans have always been known to be capable of distinguishing colors and objects. We see symbols and we recognize and process that information.
In comparison to auditory learners, visual learners best learn through seeing. They like being shown maps, pictures, and most importantly, visual aids during presentations and discussions. They also remember faces more often than names of persons, things, and even places.
Visual learners have seen how things are built, how things work, and how to develop such processes and procedures. In the 21st century, people have been developing visuals a lot due to the knowledge that it entices visual learners. Aesthetically pleasing ads are also rampant. In workplaces, Powerpoint presentations are being used or Google slides to aid in discussions and make their point better. There has also been development in the creative departments as software and applications are now being made to cater to visual learners and the artistic styles of every individual.
C. Kinesthetic Learners
Kinesthetic learners are quite different from visual and auditory learners. They are the ones who aren’t suited for a classroom learning setup. However, they learn really well when they do things. It is in experiencing the process itself that their learning is enhanced, nurtured, and retained.
The discovery of the fire was by accident. But through it, our ancestors observed and learned to do it the method again. of learning by doing. Most people learn from hands-on experiences, especially in the field of sports where athletes practice their craft by performing them.
Supplemented by auditory and visual tools, kinesthetic learners are able to adapt in their education journey.
D. Tactile Learners
Tactile learners are quite similar to kinesthetic learners but they require the sense of touch to move around and function. Some kinesthetic learners have adapted and made a livelihood out of it. For example bakers, seamstresses, cooks, and other professions need to use their tactile ability more than other professions.
From being hunters and food gatherers, we have now become more civilized and sophisticated due to our evolution of learning. Learning never stops even as we reach adulthood. Still, we go on learning day by day to continue to reap experience and pass it on to our posterity for the continuous development of the world.